How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

How Do Eight Different Hormones Affect Your Health?

How Hormones Affect Your health documented that our hormones have a huge effect on how we feel both mentally and physically.

The following types of hormones are key players in how your body works and can affect your health in multiple ways.


How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021) Estrogen | Hormone Health Network
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

Estrogen is a key female sex hormone, but it also found in males. Ovulation, menstruation, breast growth, and increased bone and cartilage density are all functions of estrogen, which released by the ovaries in women.

Having too much estrogen can increase the risk of certain cancers and linked to symptoms such as depression, weight gain, trouble sleeping, headaches, lack of drive, anxiety, and menstrual problems.

Having insufficient estrogen can cause weakened bones (osteoporosis), menstrual problems, fertility problems, and mood disorders.

While estrogen levels naturally decline with age until menopause, some conditions can cause low estrogen levels in women who are not yet perimenopausal.


How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021) Progesterone | Hormone Health Network
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

Another type of hormone-related to the female genital system is progesterone. Like estrogen, progesterone plays a key role within the cycle. It helps prepare the uterus for pregnancy and is essential in the early stages of pregnancy.

Low progesterone levels can lead to heavy and irregular cycles, as well as fertility issues. Premature labor or miscarriage may occur if progesterone levels drop during pregnancy.

Overproduction of progesterone has also been linked to an increased risk of cancer.


One of the most common androgens in the body is testosterone. Androgens are hormones that are linked to male reproduction. Women’s ovaries, adrenal glands, and fat cells, on the other hand, contain testosterone and other androgens.

In both men and women, this hormone helps with conduction, fat distribution, muscle strength, bone density, and red blood cell development.

Women who have excessive amounts of testosterone may experience thinning of the hair on the head, excess hair, facial hair, acne, more body fat, low libido, and smaller breasts.

Having high levels of testosterone can also cause irregular periods and contribute to fertility problems.


How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021) Insulin | Hormone Health Network
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)
Insulin: Definition and Overview -Diabetes Self-Management
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

Insulin can be a hormone made by the pancreas. It has many functions, but its main responsibility is to convert glucose (sugar). Within the things we care about in a way that the body can use for energy. Insulin helps regulate blood glucose.

When the body cannot produce or process insulin properly, it can result in insulin resistance, prediabetes, or diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 30 million people in the US have diabetes.

According to the CDC, 2 to 10% of pregnancies in the US suffer from gestational diabetes annually. This will pose risks to the health of the baby and the mother and therefore the pregnancy could also be considered a high risk.


How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021) Cortisol | Hormone Health Network
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

The adrenal glands manufacture cortisol, which a form of a hormone known as a steroid. You stay safe and energetic because you have a lot of responsibilities.

Cortisol aids in the regulation of metabolism, vital signs, anti-inflammatory activity, and even memory formation.

Cortisol generally called a stress hormone because the body secretes higher levels of cortisol in reaction to worry.

Having too much cortisol for long periods of time can cause hypertension, anxiety, loss of sleep, and autoimmune problems. Cortisol insufficiency associated with low vital signs, weakness, and fatigue.

Growth Hormone

Human Growth Hormone Market in 2020, Global Industry Analysis By Size,  Share, Latest Trends, Growth, Business Opportunities, Future Scope to 2023  - by Leaders as BioPartners GmbH, Eli Lilly and Company, Ipsen
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

The initials HGH often used to refer to human somatotropin. It a form of hormone released by the pituitary gland and often referred to simply as “growth hormone.”

HGH often linked to growth and development, as its name suggests. In infants, it promotes cell development, regeneration, and reproduction. It also aids in metabolism stimulation.


Adrenaline | Hormone Health Network
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

Like cortisol, adrenaline understood as a stress hormone. It occurs within the adrenal glands and within some cells of the central nervous system.

The main function of adrenaline to organize the body for its “fight or flight” response and allows quick decisions to be made in dangerous or stressful situations.

Having an excessive amount of adrenaline for prolonged periods can cause high vital signs, rapid heartbeats, anxiety, heart palpitations, irritability, and dizziness.

Thyroid Hormones

How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021) Thyroid Hormones | Hormone Health Network
Article: How Hormones Affect Your Health (2021)

Thyroid hormones produced within the thyroid. They perform a variety of crucial tasks within the body.

One of the major responsibilities of the thyroid hormone is to regulate metabolism.

An imbalance of thyroid hormones often linked to a major condition such as Grave’s disease or Hashimoto’s disease, which can cause problems with weight control and energy levels.

Kernodle OB / GYN physicians, nurses, and medical staff provide a comprehensive list of OB / GYN services to women in Burlington and Mebane, NC.

If you have questions about how your hormones are affecting your health, please call us at (336) 538-2367 to set up a meeting.

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