When anabolic steroids are misused, a number of negative effects can occur, ranging from minor to dangerous or life-threatening. The majority of them can be reversed if the person quits using the drugs. Others, on the other hand, can be permanent or semi-permanent.
Case reports, rather than official epidemiological research. Provide the majority of information on the long-term consequences of anabolic steroids in people. Serious and life-threatening side effects may also go unnoticed, especially if they don’t happen for a while. Between 1990 and 2012, one review discovered 19 deaths in published case reports linked to steroid hormone usage; However, many steroid users also took other medicines, making it difficult to say that steroid hormone use was the cause of these deaths. A study on male mice discovered that exposing them to steroid levels similar to those used by human athletes for a fifth of their lives resulted in a significant rate of premature death.
Possible Health Consequences of Anabolic Steroid Misuse
- high blood pressure
- blood clots
- heart attacks
- artery damage
Steroid use has been linked to high blood pressure; decreased function of the heart’s ventricles; and cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, arterial damage, and strokes, even in athletes under the age of 30. Steroids contribute to the disorder event in part by increasing the extent of LDL (LDL) and decreasing the extent of HDL (HDL). High LDL and low HDL levels increase the danger of atherosclerosis. A condition during which fatty substances deposit within the arteries and disrupt blood flow. If blood is prevented from reaching the gut or brain, the result is usually a seizure or stroke, respectively. Steroids also increase the danger of blood clots forming in the blood vessels. Potentially disrupting blood flow and damaging the intestinal muscle. So that it does not pump blood effectively.
|decreased sperm production|
shrinking of the testicles
decreased breast size
excessive body hair growth
The use of steroids causes the body’s natural hormone synthesis to be disrupted. Reduced sperm production, decreased function of the testicles (hypogonadism) resulting in low testosterone levels. And shrinkage of the testicles are all changes that will be reversed (testicular atrophy). Male-pattern baldness and breast development (gynecomastia) in men are irreversible alterations. Anabolic steroids can also affect the hormonal system, increasing the risk of seminoma, particularly when combined with insulin-like proteins.
Anabolic steroids cause masculinization in women. Breast size and body fat decrease, the skin gets rough, and the voice deepens as a result. Women may have abundant hair growth but lose hair on their scalp. Several of these consequences become irreversible with continued steroid use. Although no studies have been done, it is widely assumed that anabolic steroids will cause irreversible clitoral enlargement in women.
Many people who inject anabolic steroids do so in a non-sterile manner or exchange contaminated needles with others. As a result, these steroid users are at danger of contracting life-threatening viral illnesses like HIV and hepatitis B and C. Furthermore, animal models show that anabolic steroids inhibit the immune system, potentially making illnesses worse.
- peliosis hepatis
Steroid abuse has been related to liver damage, tumours. And a rare disorder known as peliosis hepatis, in which the liver develops blood-filled cysts. Cysts can rupture, resulting in internal bleeding and, in extreme cases, death.
- short stature (if taken by adolescents)
- tendon injury
The flare of enlargement that occurs during puberty and adolescence is generally triggered by rising amounts of testosterone and other sex hormones. These rising testosterone levels also serve as a deterrent to growth. The artificially raised steroid hormone levels in a young child or adolescent who utilises anabolic steroids can tell the bones to cease growing.
Research says, weightlifters who abuse anabolic steroids have stiffer tendons, which could lead to a higher risk of tendon injury.
- severe acne and cysts
- oily scalp and skin
- abscess at injection site
Steroid misuse can cause acne, top hair loss, cysts, and oily hair and skin. Users who inject steroids can also develop pain and abscess formation at the injection sites.
Anabolic steroids can also cause jaundice or yellowing of the skin or eyes as a result of liver damage.
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