What Happens When You Consume Too Much Sugar? Let us take a look at everything that happens once you eat sugar, from increased appetite to diabetes and more. What Happens When You Consume Too Much Sugar?
Your brain’s pleasure system kicks in the minute something tasty arrives on your palate, releasing dopamine and feel-good chemicals. “Give me some,” she exclaims.
Sugar is said to be extremely addictive. In some nutritional circles, it’s even referred to as a medicine. Is sugar, on the other hand, really so bad?
The reality is that all is perfect if you take care of it; sugar helps. The majority of individuals, on the other hand, do not limit their sugar consumption.
In fact, the typical American consumes about 22 teaspoons of added sugars per day. That’s very much the American Heart Association’s recommended daily maximum of 100 calories (about 6 teaspoons) for women and 150 calories (about 9 teaspoons) for men.
It’s not the occasional teaspoon of sugar in your tea or maybe that scoop of frozen dessert that you strain before bed that is doing good harm. Instead, it’s the constant rush of sugar coming in and out every day. Over time, that excess amount of sugar builds up and can cause real damage to your body. That is how.
Your body converts the carbohydrates and sugars in the foods you eat into glucose. Insulin is then released, allowing your body to absorb the sugar and use it for energy. once you eat a healthy diet, the demand for insulin is even and your pancreas can easily keep up.
When you consume so much sugar, though, the pancreas responds by producing more insulin. When the need for the hormone is strong on a regular basis, the body becomes less responsive to it. In other words, the cells would not be able to consume glucose using insulin. Excess glucose accumulates in the body and can be harmful.
Symptoms of insulin resistance include:
- Brain fog
- High vital sign
- Excess weight around the waist
Most people don’t know they need this condition until it turns into diabetes.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 100 million Americans have prediabetes or diabetes (CDC). Diabetes affects about 30 million people in the United States or about 10% of the adult population.
Sugar-sweetened beverages are the number one explanation for weight gain and diabetes. This is usually very true in women, according to one study. Women who drank major sugar-sweetened beverages – this includes sweetened iced tea, punch, soda, and energy drinks – were more likely to realize weight and develop type 2 diabetes.
Similarly, a study in PLOS One found that the more sugar-sweetened foods you eat, and therefore the longer you eat this way, the higher your risk of diabetes. However, cutting back on sugar helps reduce the danger.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Fructose is converted to glycogen, an energy-storing compound, and stored in the muscles and liver until you metabolize it. If you consume too much fructose while replenishing your glycogen supplies, the body transforms the extra sugar into fat and transports or stores it in the liver. This fat accumulates in the liver, which can lead to an illness known as nonalcoholic liver disease (NAFLD). One of the best risk factors for NAFLD is consuming high fructose syrup, which is a common ingredient in most sodas. In reality, frequent soda drinkers are 1.5 times more likely than non-drinkers to contract the disease.
Dental cavities and decay
The bacteria that sleep in your mouth, teeth, and gums feed on the sugar in the food you eat. once they eat sugar, they produce acid that will destroy tooth enamel. Over time, acid and enamel destruction can lead to tooth decay and damage.
The more sugar you eat, the greater your risk of tooth damage, according to the Planet Health Organization (WHO). Lower rates of tooth decay are seen in people with minimal levels of daily sugar intake.
Consuming too much sugar is one of the most important risk factors for weight problems. Reducing the amount of sugar you eat each day, also due to the total calories you eat, can help you cut back.
“Consistent evidence that rising or decreased dietary sugar consumption from existing intake levels is linked to corresponding improvements in weight in adults,” according to a meta-analysis published in the BMJ in 2013. To put it another way, consuming more sugar causes weight gain while eating less sugar causes weight loss.
High blood pressure
Butter, fatty meats, and fried foods may bear most of the blame for the main vital sign, but research suggests that sugar is just as much of a culprit as its tasty counterparts.
The intake of added sugars increases the danger of obesity. That, in turn, increases the danger of a higher vital sign. Some studies suggest that sodas could also be particularly harmful when they involve vital signs. During a study of 574 teens, those who drank soda had better average vital signs than those who did not. However, there is potentially more to work than just the sugar in the soda, because subjects who drank diet sodas had a higher average vital sign compared to those who drank all-calorie sweetened sodas.
In us, heart disease is the main explanation for death. Excess sugar consumption is one of the main risk factors for this condition, as is diabetes and being overweight. Other risk factors include a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and high vital signs.
According to a CDC report of 11,733 people, “there is an important association between added sugar intake and an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease mortality.” According to another report, the risk is especially high in women. Women are more likely than men to have heart disease if they have more sugar in their diet. Obese or overweight women are more susceptible to the negative effects of a high-sugar diet.
Gout can be a type of painful arthritis that occurs when your body has high levels of acid. The acid causes crystals to form and accumulate in or around the affected joints. Your body creates acid as a byproduct of the breakdown of purines, substances found in some foods.
According to a 2016 report, fructose consumption increases the risk of gout, and sugar-sweetened beverages could be a particular risk factor for gout, according to another study. Gout is aggravated by something other than fructose or sugar, according to a 2012 study. Obesity may be a contributing factor. Obesity is linked to sugar intake, so both causes could be at hand.
Research suggests that the main intake of sweet foods, also as sweetened beverages, can increase the risk of carcinoma and carcinoma. The increased risk of carcinoma is particularly high in men, according to some studies. Yet another study casts doubt on the connection entirely. More research in humans is required before the picture often clears up.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are common risk factors for cognitive decline, including conditions such as dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Diets low in refined sugars, such as the Mediterranean diet, are linked to lower rates of dementia and Alzheimer’s. Diet changes that reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes may ultimately reduce the danger of dementia, a study suggests.
A study in rats indicates that sugar consumption may have rewarding effects within the brain that are almost like those seen with cocaine. Another study, also involving rats, found that sugar, when consumed during a “binge,” can cause addiction-causing changes in the brain. It is unclear if these same mechanisms add up to human brains. Few studies have proven the addiction-like effects of sugar in humans, so more research is required.
Chronic excessive consumption of sugar can cause a condition called leptin resistance. Leptin can be a hormone that tells your brain when you have had enough to eat. Your body is sensitive to these hormones and turns off hunger signals when leptin is released.
However, research suggests that too much sugar can interfere with your body’s ability to receive the “all ready” signal from leptin. Resistance to the hormone can lead you to overeat, which can cause weight gain and other potential problems.
The good news is that the rat model study also found that reducing the amount of fructose you eat can reverse damage to leptin receptors and help you feel full once again when you’re eating.
Is all sugar bad?
Fruit contains sugar present, but it also comes packed with a host of other nutrients and fiber, making it different from the added fructose in soda or sugar-sweetened cookies and cakes. Foods sweetened with sugar often lack important nutrients. Eating present sugar is healthier and safer, but even some people, like people with diabetes, may have to limit their intake of this type of sugar as well.
If you are not sure how much sugar to eat, talk to your doctor. In addition to your weight and blood glucose levels, your doctor will consider your general health, diet, and activity levels to help you figure out a safe and healthy level of sugar intake.
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